Blackleg, pulpy kidney (enterotoxaemia), black disease, tetanus, and malignant oedema are common causes of death in unvaccinated sheep and cattle. Other animals, particularly goats, are also susceptible.
Bloat is a seasonal problem in both dairy and beef cattle. The condition is usually precipitated by the rapid consumption of lush legume pasture species in spring.
The main roundworm of cattle is Ostertagia ostertagi, known commonly as the brown stomach worm. Control of ostertagia will incidentally control other roundworms of lesser importance.
The term "lumpy jaw" brings to mind the grossly distorted head and wasted body of a suffering animal. True "lumpy jaw" refers specifically to a condition called Actinomycosis, but in cattle there are other causes of swollen, lumpy jaws.
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