Blackleg, pulpy kidney (enterotoxaemia), black disease, tetanus, and malignant oedema are common causes of death in unvaccinated sheep and cattle. Other animals, particularly goats, are also susceptible.
Pregnancy toxemia is a disease affecting ewes during late gestation, characterised by feed refusal and neurological dysfunction progressing to recumbency and death.
One of the most important things about milking fresh cows is to ensure that the milk is suitable to go in the vat.
Sheep body lice (Bovicola ovis) are biting insects that cause affected animals to become itchy. Lice are a common problem, but most importantly are controllable, eradicable and preventable.
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